The Underground Clubs and Cabarets That Shaped Modern Art

Modern art responded to the intricacies of new life after the Industrial Revolution. Artists sought not just to commune with one another, but to invigorate their senses; many did this not just as patrons, but as performers and designers, too. At the time, the newness of these spaces made them creatively lawless. While today, we take spaces like these for granted, then, they were worlds not yet forged, offering unique spaces that birthed artistic movements still revered today.